ASLV Full Form
ASLV Full Form-What Is the ASLV?ASLV is a Small-lift launch vehicle five-stage solid-fuel rocket developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation to place 150 kg satellites.
ASLV Full Form
|Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle|
FAQs About ASLV:
The Advanced Satellite Launch Vehicle or ASLV was a Small-lift launch vehicle five-stage solid-fuel rocket developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation to place 150 kg satellites into LEO. The Indian National Committee for Space Research or INCOIS was responsible for the development of the ASLV with technical support from the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. The Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre is responsible for the development of all main cryogenic stage engines used in ISRO’s space vehicles. What does it look like? The Vikas engine of the first stage. It was envisaged to launch 160 kg of satellites into geostationary orbit using a PXL upper stage from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
The basic mission of the ASLV is to put up to 150 kg satellites into low earth orbit, a dozen times faster than previous launchers. ASLV is powered by a liquid-fueled rocket motor that is ignited by solid fuel in two stages. This motor has been in development since the 1980s and is based on technology from the Ariane 1. A heat shield protects the rocket during the first and second stage.
The ASLV launch cost ranges between $10 million (Rs 5.1 crore) to $15 million (Rs 8 crore). What is the last major launch of the ASLV? The ASLV successfully launched the GSAT-19 communications satellite in April 2018.
The ASLV was created to deliver heavy payloads to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. Originally, this vehicle was supposed to be a replacement for the PSLV, which was thought to be incapable of such feats. This, however, turned out to be incorrect, as the ASLV successfully launched India’s Cartosat-2 series. What does the Cartosat series do? The Cartosat series of satellites is capable of geospatial imaging, surveying, environmental monitoring, coastal land use and regulation, urban and rural applications, monitoring of roads and highways, monitoring of power grids, security, and various other purposes. The Cartosat-2 series is currently the biggest and heaviest satellite ever to be placed in orbit by an Indian rocket.
The ASLV is capable of launching 3.5 tonne class satellites weighing between 8 and 14 tonnes in 700 km altitude. The launch vehicle was reportedly retired in 2010 after over eight successful launches. When was it retired? The ASLV was made operational in 2001 and was used to launch dozens of satellites into orbit. The maximum launch capacity of the ASLV was 150 kg satellites. What is ISRO's planned next big rocket? ISRO is planning to develop a 5-tonne class launch vehicle called the SVA. The SVA rocket will make use of multiple liquid-fuelled stages in its core. It is scheduled for a 2020 maiden launch. Sources said that with a heavy satellite payload, the SVA rocket will have the capability to place 6 tonne class satellites into the orbit.
The ASLV rocket was used in August 2013 to launch the satellite IRNSS-1E to geosynchronous transfer orbit. What is INSAT-3DR and why is it important? This Indian radar imaging satellite, or IRNSS-1DR, was the second operational Indian satellite to be placed in Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The IRNSS-1DR satellite was deployed successfully from the PSLV rocket. The satellite is expected to keep India abreast with the global positioning system. This will increase the Indian technological capability to keep a close watch on terrorists, keep track of movements of terrorists, track people suspected of terror activities and track criminals.