ECT Full Form
ECT Full Form-What is ECT How It Works, and Why It’s Still a Controversial Treatment:ECT is a psychiatric treatment where a generalized seizure is electrically induced to manage refractory mental disorders.
ECT Full Form
FAQs about ECT
ECT is delivered to the brain with a drug called sodium amytal. ECT consists of a number of sections including a scalp patch that is applied to the head. During an ECT session, a wire or "lead" is attached to the electrical generator placed on the surface of the patient's scalp. It is placed near the areas of the brain that cause abnormal thought patterns. Electrodes are then placed onto the area that produces the abnormal thought patterns, and delivered between 40 and 120 volts, depending on the strength of the shock. The process may last up to 2.5 hours. How it works ECT improves the quality of life for many patients with mental health disorders. ECT has been used since the late 1940s to treat depression and severe anxiety.
ECT works in two phases: initial treatment with intense electrical shocks that attempt to induce a seizure, followed by maintenance treatments and maintenance of seizure-like effects. Each ECT treatment lasts about four to eight hours and, during the first treatment, patients receive between 100-500 shocks. This is repeated every six to eight weeks, depending on the severity of the patient's condition. A patient's time in treatment will also vary depending on the severity of his or her condition. How safe is ECT? ECT is known to be very safe. Its use during childhood is now routinely recommended and, in fact, should be initiated soon after diagnosis of any mental disorder, as early as possible.
ECT has been extensively researched for depression and anxiety. However, it has many critics, including the American Psychiatric Association (APA), which currently recommends ECT not be used as a first-line treatment for most mental health conditions. The treatment is considered controversial, and many psychiatric patients may find it too traumatic. Researchers have warned that ECT may not be as effective in treating severe depression as it is in many other chronic conditions such as cancer, in which it can be as effective as conventional medications. Electroconvulsive therapy is also expensive, with an average cost of $2,500 per course for about 30 minutes of treatment.
Unlike psychotherapy, ECT has only modest side effects. These include: Nausea Confusion Upper body weakness Psychiatric discharge Post-ECT neurosurgical complications Other rare side effects, possibly connected to ECT There are rare, but very real, side effects.
There is still a lot to learn about mental health disorders, especially because we don't have a clear understanding of the causes of them. This is especially relevant in mental health disorders which we still don't know much about, such as depression. For instance, we still don't know how to properly diagnose these disorders, and we don't know if some of these diseases are actually caused by chemicals or physical stressors, or are even things we could have ourselves that haven't yet been identified. On the other hand, we do know a lot about the causes of depression, for example, our lifestyles and use of technology, but we also don't know the exact cause. Hopefully in the next five to ten years, we will be able to develop the tools to diagnose and better treat depression.