NRC Full Form
NRC Full Form-What is the NRC? NRC is a register of all Indian citizens whose creation is mandated by the 2003 amendment of the Citizenship Act, 1955. Lets get to the topic directly : NRC Full Form
NRC Full Form is mentioned below :
|National Register of Citizens|
The National Register of Citizens :
The entire process of declaring Indian citizens by the NRC was started in 1951 under the Citizenship Act, 1955. There were two lists in this regard, which are called the “excludees list” and “eligible list”. For the “excludees list”, it is compulsory for the applicants to prove that they belonged to any of the minority communities such as Chakma, Hajong, Muslim, Bhotia, Koch Rajbongshi, Teli, or Tripuri. For the “eligible list”, Indian citizens could provide sufficient proofs such as an NRC enrolment certificate, birth certificate, voter’s ID card, passport, driving licence, bank account statements, insurance policy, and income tax returns to qualify. Of the 3.
Why is the NRC important?
While there is no dearth of evidence of India being home to illegal immigrants, the issue was a constant point of conflict between the Central government and the BJP, especially in Assam. The Congress-led UPA government had agreed in 2005 that it would bring in an NRC by 2015, but it took nearly 13 years for the Centre to act. The NRC, however, is not being introduced just to mark a milestone in the government’s fight against illegal immigration. It is a necessary first step to push forward the government’s plan to make Assam a “permanent” refugee-free state. Why is Assam apprehensive?
Who is eligible to be included in the NRC?
Only Indian citizens who are above 18 years of age and have lived in Assam for the last six years can be included in the NRC. According to a government report, more than 40 lakh Indian citizens are excluded from the first draft of NRC, whereas another nearly 80 lakh people are under consideration. The draft NRC is being updated in Assam for the first time since 1951. Why is the updating process happening after such a long gap? The Citizenship Act of 1955 only allowed migrants from other Indian states to settle in Assam. But when Assam passed its own Citizenship Act in 1985, this led to a legal ambiguity as to whether the state was allowed to identify new citizens or not.
What are the drawbacks of the NRC?
The law gives the government the power to demolish a mosque, dance room or any house of worship on the basis of incorrect information provided in the list. The NRC may not serve its purpose due to the country’s diverse population, and because people have no access to information regarding the procedure. This law discriminates against the OBC community and even Muslims who are wrongly registered as Muslim. According to a UN report, the NRC could be biased against Muslims because Muslims make up only 14.2% of the state’s population. What’s the case of the Bangladeshi migrants in Assam? A group of Rohingyas is living in Bangladesh and India illegally.
The documents which these two NRI women showed were not from the 1940s, as claimed by Assamese nationalists. These documents were fake. The women must be shown in front of a magistrate for interrogation about the source of these documents. NRC has been a major political challenge for the government in Assam since 2015. Now, it is facing another challenge from two NRI women who found the records in a market in another state. The legal process has to be initiated against them by the government.
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