PFA Full Form-What Is PFA And How To Deal With It? PFA is an evidence-informed modular approach to help children, adolescents, adults, and families in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism.
PFA Full Form is mentioned below :
|Psychological First Aid|
What is PFA?
PFA is a brief, focused, child-centered, child-led, team-based approach for children to deal with anxiety, fear, worry and other anxious feelings in a non-threatening, therapeutic environment. Children should be brought in when their usual ways of dealing with emotional distress are unable to manage these emotions. What makes PFA stand out in comparison with other, more traditional methods of therapy is that: Child and adolescent PFA requires no prior counseling or psychological training PFA is not confrontational Most importantly, it is provided in a comfortable, non-threatening environment where both adults and children in the setting of crisis are comfortable and confident How does PFA help?
What are the benefits of PFA?
1. PFA can be implemented immediately and almost immediately, as there is not any build-up of adrenaline or stress hormones
2. PFA can be implemented within the family, as family members can deal with a child’s mental state more effectively than social workers
3. Most importantly, it can reduce re-traumatisation of the child. What are the disadvantages of PFA?
4. PFA cannot provide child/adolescent psychological help
5. Since PFA is based on the idea of prevention, interventions and behaviour change, the child/adolescent may not be in a position to engage with it as he/she is not yet able to understand the purpose or know how to deal with it
How Does PFA Work?
PFA is an effective way to provide assistance to individuals at risk of severe psychological distress, such as victims of terror and trauma. It builds on the body of evidence for rationales and approach guidelines developed in response to specific disaster and terrorism cases, and it can be applied when people are already in the emergency services, self-organized responses, and shelters. It is intended for people with low mental health resources. What Types of Resources Does PFA Require? There are a number of recommended support materials, including a trained first responder to help people with immediate needs and help them find further assistance.
How can we implement PFA?
Seventeen authors at leading institutions across the US developed a prototype that is scalable and can be implemented locally in the US. This is how we can learn about our emotions. It’s a simple system: When we’re upset or stressed or feeling anxious or depressed, we use the termss: reduce, seek, store, portray, and replace. We tell our brain to do the opposite of the behaviors we’re feeling. Each of us has our own unique PFA system. For instance, I might tell myself to say, “That makes me uncomfortable” rather than “I’m in a bad mood.” What do the 5 Ss do? Reduce: This is the physical part of the system. If I am too cold, I tell myself, “Get warm.” If I am too hot, I might say, “Turn the heat up.” If I’m feeling too nervous, I might say, “Breathe.
When should we use PFA?
PFA should be administered immediately after a disaster or terrorism in order to provide the best outcomes. PFA allows the skilled clinicians to reduce confusion, minimize stress and provide information, support and solutions to those affected by the disaster. PFA works best when it is immediately after an incident to provide the greatest benefit to the most people. There are many practical reasons for this. First, the extent of the damage to people, property, and infrastructure is often unknown in the immediate aftermath of an incident. Second, those who require psychological support, but cannot physically see the therapist, need the input of the therapist as quickly as possible.
The documentary ‘Psychological First Aid: Developing Resilience’ by the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare was initiated to serve as a means to help citizens access to the relevant information in an age-appropriate manner so that they can be more resilient in the event of disasters and terror related events. The basic toolkit includes the following four modules:
1. Preventing Anxiety.
2. Understand and Respond to Terrorist Violence.
3. Emotional Skills to Cope with Stress and Trauma.
4. Psychological Wellness: Let’s Face It, There’s No Place Like Home.
5. Preventing Anxiety PFA defines anxiety as an unpleasant emotion provoked by uncertainty, potential danger or vulnerability. The origins of anxiety lie in the child’s basic need to connect with people, things and events.