ASAT Full Form| What is ASAT-Space Weapons?

ASAT Full Form

ASAT Full Form-What is ASAT? The Details You Need To Know: ASAT’s are space weapons designed to incapacitate or destroy satellites for strategic or tactical purposes.

ASAT Full Form

Anti-satellite weapons

FAQs About ASAT:

ASATs have a long history of development. The American Space Surveillance Network, SARA, was tasked with monitoring space debris. It was in 1967 that the U.S.S. Ranger first recorded an ASAT test. In the following decades, several nations were rumored to be building ASATs. For instance, in 1993 the U.S. Air Force claimed that Russia was developing an ASAT for an estimated $160 billion and claimed that the launch of this weapon had been postponed. In 1998, Russia allegedly launched an anti-satellite test in an effort to damage NASA’s Galileo spacecraft which was in orbit around Jupiter at that time. Meanwhile, the U.S. Air Force also claimed to have intercepted Chinese missile launches in 2007 and in 2010. The Chinese fired a missile into a geo-stationary orbit.

ASAT weapon are not as simple as shooting down a satellite with a missile. The United States, China, Russia, and other nations work to create complex systems that track, target, and maneuver satellites for destruction. The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) of the U.S. Department of Defense has reported that China has built a multistage, multiple stage nuclear ASAT system known as DF-21D. The DF-21D is considered a breakthrough in ASAT technology. It could potentially attack not only U.S. satellites but also U.S. communications, military satellites, and even weather satellites. The most recent tests for the DF-21D were made in 2011. This is considered to be a first generation missile system that does not yet have accuracy sufficient to be effective against U.S. satellites.

The key to any military operations — be it on land, in the air or at sea — is intelligence and information. In the case of ASAT systems, they provide this crucial intelligence with their precision targeting. As well as protecting themselves from enemy missile strikes, space-based systems are invaluable in monitoring military forces' activities and providing early warning. The ease of working with these systems makes them attractive to nation-states. The first mention of the possibility of a satellite-destroying missile in the public domain was in November 1962 by a Defense Intelligence Agency report titled "HIMP Alert," which detailed a weapon that could penetrate US orbit and destroy enemy satellites.

ASAT weapons are worrisome because they could change the balance of power in outer space. In future conflicts, a rapidly developing country may target the capabilities of a leading nation. And the standoff between these two nations could quickly lead to escalation. Thus, ASAT weapons would potentially alter the nature of warfare in outer space. This fact raises the question whether countries that have ASAT capabilities should publicly disclose their capabilities and seek their peaceful use

ASLV Full Form| What is ASLV-Small lift launch vehicle?

ASLV Full Form

ASLV Full Form-What Is the ASLV?ASLV is a Small-lift launch vehicle five-stage solid-fuel rocket developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation to place 150 kg satellites.

ASLV Full Form

Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle

FAQs About ASLV:

The basic mission of the ASLV is to put up to 150 kg satellites into low earth orbit, a dozen times faster than previous launchers. ASLV is powered by a liquid-fueled rocket motor that is ignited by solid fuel in two stages. This motor has been in development since the 1980s and is based on technology from the Ariane 1. A heat shield protects the rocket during the first and second stage.

The ASLV launch cost ranges between $10 million (Rs 5.1 crore) to $15 million (Rs 8 crore). What is the last major launch of the ASLV? The ASLV successfully launched the GSAT-19 communications satellite in April 2018.

The ASLV was created to deliver heavy payloads to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. Originally, this vehicle was supposed to be a replacement for the PSLV, which was thought to be incapable of such feats. This, however, turned out to be incorrect, as the ASLV successfully launched India’s Cartosat-2 series. What does the Cartosat series do? The Cartosat series of satellites is capable of geospatial imaging, surveying, environmental monitoring, coastal land use and regulation, urban and rural applications, monitoring of roads and highways, monitoring of power grids, security, and various other purposes. The Cartosat-2 series is currently the biggest and heaviest satellite ever to be placed in orbit by an Indian rocket.

The ASLV is capable of launching 3.5 tonne class satellites weighing between 8 and 14 tonnes in 700 km altitude. The launch vehicle was reportedly retired in 2010 after over eight successful launches. When was it retired? The ASLV was made operational in 2001 and was used to launch dozens of satellites into orbit. The maximum launch capacity of the ASLV was 150 kg satellites. What is ISRO's planned next big rocket? ISRO is planning to develop a 5-tonne class launch vehicle called the SVA. The SVA rocket will make use of multiple liquid-fuelled stages in its core. It is scheduled for a 2020 maiden launch. Sources said that with a heavy satellite payload, the SVA rocket will have the capability to place 6 tonne class satellites into the orbit.

The ASLV rocket was used in August 2013 to launch the satellite IRNSS-1E to geosynchronous transfer orbit. What is INSAT-3DR and why is it important? This Indian radar imaging satellite, or IRNSS-1DR, was the second operational Indian satellite to be placed in Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The IRNSS-1DR satellite was deployed successfully from the PSLV rocket. The satellite is expected to keep India abreast with the global positioning system. This will increase the Indian technological capability to keep a close watch on terrorists, keep track of movements of terrorists, track people suspected of terror activities and track criminals.

ASR Full Form| What is ASR-Speech recognition?

ASR Full Form

ASR Full Form-What is ASR and How Does It Work? Speech recognition is an interdisciplinary subfield of computer science and computational linguistics that develops methodologies that translates your speech into a text form.

ASR Full Form

Automatic Speech Recognition

FAQs About ASR:

ASR generally consists of one or more speech recognition technologies. Each of these technologies can be used independently in isolation, or linked together in a co-processor unit called an ASR solution. In general, the technologies involved in ASR solutions are divided into three categories: Category I is speech recognition, often referred to as text-to-speech (TTS).

You are given just one opportunity to say a word, which your text-to-speech system will use to generate a sentence. Not only does ASR allow you to choose the language you use, but it also allows you to select the volume and rate of your speech, although you will still have to speak at a reasonable rate to be understood. What ASR Does Not Do There are many different ways that speech recognition is used. Most of these aren't directly related to ASR. For instance, we use a computer to generate images of how we want to present something, such as an email address. Another example is a search engine like Google, which allows us to search using our voice. You don't have to speak as if you were in a telephone conversation or to speak slowly.

Speech recognition relies on the ability of the computer to identify and accurately transcribe spoken words. For instance, when you ask Siri or your Google Home device to translate a sentence, the results will only be as good as your understanding of the language you are talking about. ASR, however, is about much more than this. Why Speech Recognition Works ASR uses features and characteristics of the language you are talking about to select the correct word. Aspects such as: Sparse vocabulary Semantic similarity Words that commonly appear together Phonetics If the features of the words you are speaking do not match, the system will use a less common word or phrase to attempt to turn your speech into text.

AJAX Full Form| What isw AJAX-A Simple Explanation of a Complex Technology?

AJAX Full Form

AJAX Full Form-What Is AJAX? A Simple Explanation of a Complex Technology:  Ajax is a set of web development techniques using many web technologies to create asynchronous web applications.

AJAX Full Form

Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

FAQs About AJAX:

Use of AJAX in web applications means less server-side processing time and more time for the server-side logic. As we mentioned earlier, the server-side logic of an average web application is simply a database table and a couple of sqlite queries. Therefore, to execute these sqlite queries on the server-side is a bottleneck. With Ajax, this would only be a single function call away from the server. Uses of AJAX: Video streaming Transfer of files Printing status updates Client-side caching Fast generation of dynamic web applications Throttling of web applications Client-side logic in AJAX can be as small as just one function call or as complex as creating a graphical user interface on the client-side and animating data.

Ajax is a component-based framework that allows you to send data from your server (or a remote database) in response to user interactions. The framework uses events to implement these asynchronous web-based interactions. It works by listening to a WebSocket session being established on the client-side. When a server response is sent back to the client, the response is routed to the server through Ajax calls that allow you to dynamically determine how to respond to the data you’re receiving. This article is meant as a quick introduction to Ajax to give a high level overview of the basic components that you can use to build your own Ajax applications and as a starting point for learning how to use Ajax.

Here are the situations that you should consider using Ajax:

1. If the underlying data you are processing is very small and doesn't cause any delays.

2. If you already have an application working without Ajax and it performs well enough to justify making it more interesting with some "magic".

3. If you want to put something interesting on the screen, but keep the user focused on it, and don't want them to have to wait.

4. If you know the underlying data is very slow and/or out of date, or that it is not well structured and you want to handle the old/out-of-date data in a more natural way. Ajax technology works by creating a server script (called ajax-function) that grabs data from a URL on the server.

Modern browsers provide a great deal of power to developers by default. You can increase your application performance by adding only a few lines of JavaScript code to your page. If you like this post please share it with your friends on the social networks using the buttons below or simply leave a comment below.

AHRC Full Form| What is AHRC-Explanation of the Organization?

AHRC Full Form-What is AHRC?  An Explanation of the Organization : AHRC  is an organization serving people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in New York City.

AHRC Full Form

Arts and Humanities Research Council

FAQs About AHRC:

In 1909 Dr. Paul Mayersberg, a German immigrant physician opened the first "homes for the aged and insane" to house people with mental disabilities in New York City. The homes were generally poorly equipped and more akin to nursing homes than homes for the mentally challenged. With the coming of World War II, there was an increased interest in those with mental disabilities; to counter a shortage of workers, public and private organizations established special schools to educate the physically and mentally challenged. The original centers, in addition to the care of the individuals, included vocational training programs, occupational therapy, and industrial training. This structure developed in several models. The first was a one-room building with five classrooms.

AHRC: A Black Muslim-Jewish Partnership for Inclusion is an organization that champions the rights of people with disabilities and actively supports them in their development as people as well as their rights. AHRC addresses several issues, but most notable are the basic rights of all people to live in dignity, with the rights of all people to participate fully in the economic, political and cultural life of their communities. AHRC works in tandem with community-based and faith based organizations to empower people with disabilities to live as valued members of society. What is their mission? AHRC has a mission to lead the conversation about the challenges facing people with disabilities.

AHRC has a mission to advocate for the rights, needs and inclusion of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and to enhance the quality of life of the approximately 60,000 people who live in the five boroughs of New York City. AHRC provides a broad range of services, including: Inclusion Advocacy. Services that assist people with disabilities to integrate into the community and to live fulfilling lives. Clinical Services. Services to improve and maintain the quality of life of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. High School Program.

If you would like to donate, there are several ways to do so. Join the AHRC Contact & Donor Services Group. . Visit their website to donate online or make a one time tax deductible donation. Online payment is accepted through Paypal. Also they accept requests for charitable contributions for charitable organizations. Support AHRC New York City on Social Media Join our twitter, “@AHRCNYC “ to receive and exchange info.

 

ALS Full Form| What is ALS-Symptoms, Treatment And Prognosis?

ALS Full Form

ALS Full Form-What is ALS? – Symptoms, Treatment And Prognosis: ALS is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord.

ALS Full Form

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

FAQs About ALS:

The symptoms of ALS vary and depend on the size and location of the damage. Among them is: Facial weakness Defensive gait Struggle to speak Lower limb weakness Slurred speech Diagnosis of ALS As with many other conditions, diagnosis of ALS involves ruling out other conditions, and relies on a careful history and examination. An MRI or CT scan of the brain and spine are often used to examine for lesions that can cause symptoms of ALS. Diagnosis can be done through a neurologist, geriatrician, physician assistant, or other healthcare professional. Genetic testing of family members is sometimes helpful in ruling out a family history of ALS. Treatment The treatment of ALS includes managing pain, improving muscle strength, improving speech and the use of mobility aids.

ALS is diagnosed through a neurologist's testing and analysis of the patient's symptoms. Assessment of a patient with ALS, on symptoms, can be done through several tasks. Apart from assessing neurological function, the patient's gait, balance and speech is assessed for their accuracy. Physical strength and endurance is also tested by making patients walk, do simple tasks like carrying groceries and balancing while standing. Severe cases of ALS can make it difficult for patients to speak, walk or eat on their own. In this case, a feeding tube is employed for nutrition and the doctor and nurses have to physically feed the patient with a tube inserted into the nose and going down to the stomach. For gas evacuation and environmental functions, a Foley catheter can be used.

Vital Signs What's going on with my body? Audio version of Vital Signs What's going on with my body? Audio version of Vital Signs What causes ALS? - Life Expectancy Human Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) remains unknown, the earliest documented description of the condition goes back to 1817. Although the earliest human symptoms were identified in 1831, symptoms only started appearing in 1908. According to the ALS Association, the condition has the lowest survival rate of all the severe neurological diseases. One person dies every two weeks in the U.S. People affected by ALS lose the ability to move, speak, swallow, see, think, and ultimately, live. According to the ALS Association, the condition has the lowest survival rate of all the severe neurological diseases.

Periods of disability: Early People who were diagnosed in the very early stages had a higher risk of dying of heart disease than those who had been diagnosed later in life. But, after that age group, the disease came down. Age of diagnosis: Between 40 and 65 years old Difficulty completing complex tasks: Early Though the upper-body muscles weaken, the brain remains as healthy as it was before. Loss of speech, swallowing and motor control: Later The person can have difficulty walking or talking. They are prone to eating difficulties. The muscles in the arms also fail. Early or late It is difficult to say which form of the disease a patient will have. The variations are caused by changes in the proteins that cause the disease.

Summary of key topics Description of ALS disease and pathology Signs, symptoms, and progression Systemic symptoms Diagnosis Definitions Risk factors Treatment Prognosis Treatment guidelines Acknowledgements References Terminology